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The Hyperscale SIG maintains a kernel in the experimental repository. This kernel is based on the CentOS Stream 9 kernel and tries to follow it as closely as possible, while enabling additional features such as btrfs and Kernel Live Patching. In turn, the CentOS Stream 9 kernel is based on the upstream RHEL 9 kernel sources, which is where the RHEL 9 kernel is developed and maintained.

The Hyperscale kernel is built for both CentOS Stream 8 and CentOS Stream 9 from the same sources (meaning, we effectively ship a backport of the CentOS Stream 9 kernel for CentOS Stream 8).

Contributing to the Hyperscale kernel

In general, the best way to contribute to the Hyperscale kernel build is to contribute to these upstream RHEL kernel sources. As a matter of policy, all of the patches we backport for the Hyperscale build of the kernel are first merged to redhat/centos-stream/src/kernel/centos-stream-9, which is the GitLab repo where the RHEL kernel is developed and maintained. This allows us to leverage the testing and maintenance by the RHEL kernel team and share efforts with the broader CentOS community that also contribute to the kernel.

We try to maintain as few patches as possible for each release, but we are open to including new features or bug fixes that are not yet available. We follow the practices documented by the RHEL kernel team.

Contributing to the RHEL 9 kernel sources

  • Get a Fedora account if you don't have one already.
    • Make sure to follow this part and set up your ~/.fedora.upn to tell our tooling your FAS username if it differs from your Unix name.
  • Get a account if you don't have one already.
    • Make sure your display name matches your actual name used in Git commits.
    • Make sure the email address you use for Git commits is attached to your account.
  • Set your account username in your Fedora account.
  • Set your Red Hat Bugzilla account and make sure your Fedora account email address matches your Bugzilla account email address.
  • Install git-backport into ~/.local/bin.
  • Fork redhat/centos-stream/src/kernel/centos-stream-9.
  • In your local clone of your fork, add redhat/centos-stream/src/kernel/centos-stream-9 as a remote by the name upstream.
  • In your local clone of your fork, add torvalds/linux as a remote by the name mainline.
  • Run git fetch --all to fetch all the refs from all the remotes.
  • Create a new branch based on upstream/main for the patches to be applied: git checkout --no-track -b <branchname> upstream/main
  • Generate a list of commits to backport and save it to a file to use with git-backport.
    • For example, for backporting zstd from v5.16, do: git log --pretty=oneline v5.14..v5.16 lib/zstd | tac > git-backport-zstd-v5.16-patchset
  • Create a bug for the RHEL kernel for your backport.
    • Note: the link above might not select kernel as a component for you automatically. If it doesn't, just do so manually and select the correct subcomponent when the menu shows up.
    • As an example, here's the one done for the zstd backport from v5.16.
  • Use git-backport to generate the patch set to apply as commits: git-backport -a -b <RHBZ> -d $PWD/backport-stage-diffs/ -f <git-backport-file>
  • Use git am to apply the patch set: git am $PWD/backport-stage-diffs/
  • Push your branch to your fork on
  • Open a merge request (MR) against redhat/centos-stream/src/kernel/centos-stream-9 with your change.
  • Once merged and the RHEL kernel folks make a release, one of the Hyperscale kernel maintainers will update the RPM spec and publish a new version of the kernel for Hyperscale with the patches included.

Contributing to the RHEL 8 kernel sources

The same contribution process applies to the RHEL 8 kernel, with a few differences:

  • you will want to fork redhat/centos-stream/src/kernel/centos-stream-8 and use it as your upstream
  • you will want to file a bug against the kernel component for RHEL 8
  • to build the kernel locally, the easiest way is to use Packit
    • run packit srpm to generate a source RPM
    • run mock -r centos-stream-8-x86_64 /path/to/the/src.rpm to build the kernel from the generated source RPM

Note that changes contributed to the stock RHEL 8 kernel do not directly impact the Hyperscale kernel build, as that is based off the RHEL 9 kernel. They are however relevant for packages built in our main repository, as those are designed to run on a stock system.